The difference between
Texas Hold'em and Omaha
There are two major differences
between Texas Hold'em and Omaha. First of all, in Omaha each
player receives four hole cards rather than two. Second of all,
one must use two (exactly two) of the four hole
cards, along with three (exactly three) of the
cards on the board (the community cards), when making a hand. In
Hold'em it is possible to use one, two or none (play the board)
of the hole cards.
This article intends to clarify
how this seemingly small difference sets Omaha apart from
Hold'em as an entirely separate game.
The board: 10-7-2-3-K
In Hold'em: those players
holding a Heart now have a flush. Any player holding the
now holds the nuts (the best possible hand), the
will give the second nuts, and so forth.
In Omaha: any player holding a
flush must have at least two Hearts amongst his
hole cards. You do not hold a flush if your hand contains only
one Heart. Any A-xh-x-x
combination will be the nut hand.
The board: 7-8-9-T-J
In Hold'em: every player holds
a straight 7-J. Any player holding a Q has a straight (8-Q), and
any player holding a KQ has the nuts (a straight 9-K).
In Omaha: You must use two
cards from your hand to complete a straight. A 5-6-x-x makes the
lowest straight (5-9), a K-Q-x-x makes the highest straight
(9-K). A 7-8-x-x, 8-9-x-x, 9-T-x-x, T-J-x-x, J-7-x-x, and so
forth, completes the J-high straight. Any Q-J-x-x, Q-T-x-x,
Q-9-x-x or Q-8-x-x will complete the Q-high straight.
In Hold'em: each player holds
four-of-a-kind. Any player holding an A in their hand has the
nuts, a Q the second nuts, and so forth.
In Omaha: No one can hold
four-of-a-kind. Anyone holding A-A-x-x has the nuts (Kings full
of Aces), Q-Q-x-x the second nuts (Kings full of Queens), and so
In Hold'em: a player holding
has the nuts (four-of-a-kind with an A-kicker), AA makes the
second nuts (Aces full of Kings), and so forth.
In Omaha: A player holding an
A-K-x-x holds the nuts (four-of-a-kind with an A-kicker), a
player holding K-Q-x-x holds the second nuts (four-of-a-kind
with a Q-kicker), and so forth.